Radiometric age dating for kids
Index fossils are fossils that can be used to date the rock in which they are found.
The best examples are fossils of animals or plants that lived for a very short period of time and were found in a lot of places.
The sediment of this area was laid down after ammonite A appeared 199 million years ago, and before ammonite B became extinct 195 million years ago.
The Age of Dinosaurs was so many millions of years ago that it is very difficult to date exactly.
Scientists use two kinds of dating techniques to work out the age of rocks and fossils. This considers the positions of the different rocks in sequence (in relation to each other) and the different types of fossil that are found in them.
A fossil will always be younger than fossils in the beds beneath it and this is called the principle of superposition.
In an undisturbed sequence of rocks, such as in a cliff face, it is easy to get a rough idea of the ages of the individual strata – the oldest lies at the bottom and the youngest lies at the top.
This is because new sediments are always laid down on top of sediments that have already been deposited.
So, when looking at the history of a cliff face, it is important to read the story it tells from the bottom layer up.