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It was begun around 247 BC by seventy scholars in Alexandria, Egypt for an expanding community of Greek speaking Jews, and was completed no later than 117 BC. It is the source on which the Hebrew texts of today are based.
"I have carefully examined the evidences of the Christian religion, and if I was sitting as a juror upon its authenticity I would unhesitatingly give my verdict in its favor.
I can prove its truth as clearly as any proposition ever submitted to the mind of man. Professor Millar Burrows of Yale University assigns these copies to the first century BC. Albright places them more conservatively in the second century BC.
These include one Isaiah scroll which was written between 150-100 BC, another around 50 BC, a commentary on Habakkuk penned between 100-50 BC, and two other documents.The Septuagint, or LXX, is the oldest Greek translation of the Old Testament. Harrison confirms its early use: "While there are certain differences in New Testament usage, there is no doubt that of all Greek versions the LXX was employed predominantly and that it enjoyed independent existence in the period just prior to the time of Christ." (a codex is a bound volume of cut sheets).Furthermore, this word is supported by the LXX [Septuagint] and IQ Is [first cave of Qumran, Isaiah scroll].Thus, in one chapter of 166 words, there is only one word (three letters) in question after a thousand years of transmission - and this word does not significantly change the meaning of the passage.In 1947, shepherds discovered them quite by accident in caves above the Wadi Qumran Valley, northwest of the Dead Sea. [emphasis mine] " Of the 166 words in Isaiah 53, there are only 17 letters in question.
A few of the scholars and archaeologists who contributed to their discovery and verification include E. Ten of these letters are simply a matter of spelling, which does not affect the sense.